Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of relevant sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to a number of garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving variations of style and materials.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they quickly fell from fashion. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a vogue in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by Women of all ages of assorted courses, by Sikh Males, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It was adopted from the Mohammedans by Europeans being an post of dishabille and of night time apparel, and it is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent many Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become Utilized in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 decades in the past, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was often the case with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect generally contains a placket front and its sleeves pidzame haven't any cuffs. Many individuals opt to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys are sometimes sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these standard pajamas will often be referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally known as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, made to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-initially century they are instead exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are plenty of variations in design for instance shorter sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, 1-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating several products. Chiefly within the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by kids, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may be footed.
Although pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, inside the US, they have got from time to time bundled the latter to be a top. Babydoll pyjamas have a type of brief dress best above shorts or quick pants.
Pajamas could right now confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become common while in the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.